Definition of Alcohol

A volatile liquid prepared by fermentation of certain carbohydrates. Alcohol acts as a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, a diuretic, and a disinfectant. Although the exact mechanism of CNS depression is unknown, alcohol may act by inhibiting the opening of calcium channels, mediated by the binding of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) to GABA-A receptors, or through inhibitory actions at N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-type glutamate receptors. Alcohol inhibits the production of antidiuretic hormone, thereby producing diuresis that may lead to dehydration. This agent kills organisms by denaturing their proteins.

Alcohol is from the group

Alcohol Chemical Class
Sedative and Hypnotic

Other Names for Alcohol

Alcohol
ALCOHOL
Absolute Ethanol
Absolute ethanol
Ethanol
Ethyl Alcohol
Methylcarbinol

Source

NCI Thesaurus License

Topics #Alcohol ALCOHOL Absolute Ethanol Absolute ethanol Ethanol Ethyl Alcohol Methylcarbinol